Interfacial Synthesis of Gold-Polyaniline Nanocomposite and Its Electrocatalytic Application
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Pašti, Igor A.
Ćirić-Marjanović, Gordana N.
Ahrenkiel, Scott Phillip
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Gold-polyaniline (Au-PANI) nanocomposite was prepared using a simple interfacial polymerization method, performed in an immiscible water/toluene biphasic system using tetrachloroaurate, AuCl4- as an oxidant. The formation of Au+ nanoparticles (AuNPs) or Au-PANI nanocomposite can be controlled to a certain degree by varying the ratio of initial Au+ and aniline concentrations. Under optimal condition (HAuCl4/aniline ratio is 1:2), green dispersion of Au-PANI nanocomposite is produced in aqueous phase, whose morphology, structure and physicochemical properties are investigated in details. The nanocomposite shows granular morphology with mostly rodlike AuNPs embedded in polymer. It was found that polyaniline in the composite is in the conducting emeraldine salt form, containing high amount of Au (28.85 wt %). Furthermore, the electrical conductivity of the nanocomposite was found to be four-fold higher than that of the polymer itself. In addition, the nanocomposite powder, isolated from th...e as-prepared aqueous dispersion, can later be easily redispersed in water and further used for various applications. Moreover, the obtained Au-PANI nanocomposite showed excellent electrocatalytic performance toward the electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), with high ORR onset potential and good selectivity. This makes it a promising candidate for a new class of Pt-free ORR. catalyst.
Keywords:polyaniline / Au nanoparticles / nanocomposite / conductivity / oxygen reduction reaction / electrocatalyst
Source:ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2015, 7, 51, 28393-28403
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- U.S. Department of Energy [DE-FG02-08ER64624]