Spatial rainbows and catastrophes in transmission of protons through electrostatic octopole lens
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This paper considers the transmission of the initial parallel proton beam with kinetic energy of 10 keV through the electrostatic oelopole lens. The spatial rainbows and corresponding proton distributions are calculated by using the infinite length approximation potential. Positive potentials of the lens electrodes are set to be 0.35 kV and 9 kV. It has been shown that by application of catastrophe theory, the generating function for mapping proton positions between entrance and exit transverse plains can be determined, giving accurate rainbow patterns for biasing potentials of 0.35 kV. © 2018; Vinca Inst Nuclear Sci. All rights reserved.
Keywords:octopole / beam optics / catastrophe theory / rainbow line / aberration
Source:Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, 2018, 33, 4, 347-355
- Physics and Chemistry with Ion Beams (RS-45006)
ISSN: 1451-3994 (print); 1452-8185 (electronic)