Structural, morphological and electrical properties of alumina/YAG composites as solid electrolyte for IT - SOFC
Kragović, Milan M.
Article (Published version)
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Alumina/YAG composites (AYX_t) with high relative density (99.2 %TD) were successfully obtained by mixing commercial alumina powder with different volume fractions of yttrium aluminium garnet (Y3Al5O12-YAG; 7, 14, 21 and 28). YAG was synthetized by nitrate glycine reaction in the form of precursor powder. Polycrystalline YAG powder was obtained by calcination at 950 degrees C for 2 h. Additionally, obtained compositions were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. By XRPD analysis was found that the particle size of YAG powders lies in the nanometric range (being lower than 35 nm). By SEM microphotographs of composites were confirmed the formation of a conductive path consisting from mutually interconnected YAG particles. This was confirmed by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The highest electrical conductivity of grain (K-g) and grain boundary (K-gb) at 700 degrees C amounted to 2.22x10(-2) ohm(-1)cm(-1) and 9.44x10(-3) ohm(-1) cm(-1), res...pectively, was measured in the composite containing 21 vol% of YAG.