Optimization of cubic GaN/AlGaN quantum cascade structures for negative refraction in the THz spectral range
Milanović, Vitomir B.
Radovanović, Jelena V.
Article (Published version)
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
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In this work we theoretically investigate a possibility to use cubic nitride based multi-layer periodic nanostructure as a semiconductor metamaterial. The structure design is based on an active region of a quantum cascade laser optimized to achieve optical gain in the Terahertz (THz) spectral range. In particular, we test the GaN/AlGaN quantum well configurations, which should exhibit important advantages compared to GaAs-based structures, namely room temperature operation without the assistance of magnetic field and lower doping densities. Our numerical rate-equations model is solved self-consistently and it takes into account electron-longitudinal optical phonon scattering between all the relevant states among the adjacent periods of the structure. A global optimization routine, specifically genetic algorithm is then used to generate new gain-optimized structures. This work confirms the advantages of cubic GaN designs over GaAs ones, namely feasibility of negative refraction at room ...temperature without the assistance of magnetic field while keeping the doping densities of the same order of magnitude. © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
Keywords:Quantum cascade structure / Semiconductor metamaterials / Negative refraction
Source:Optical and Quantum Electronics, 2018, 50, 10, 373-
- Photonics of micro and nano structured materials (RS-45010)
- COST ACTION (MP1204)
- COST ACTION (MP1406)