Ferrocene-containing tetrahydropyrazolopyrazolones: Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity
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AuthorsBugarinović, Jovana P.
Pešić, Marko S.
Mihailović, Vladimir B.
Stevanović, Dragana D.
Nastasijević, Branislav J.
Damljanović, Ivan S.
Article (Published version)
© 2018 Elsevier Inc
MetadataShow full item record
A series of ferrocenes which contain dinitrogen-fused pyrazolidinone ring were synthesized from acryloylferrocene (4) and N,N′‑cyclic azomethine imines (3). Novel 5‑aryl‑6‑ferrocenoyltetrahydropyrazolo[1,2‑a]pyrazol‑1(5H)-ones were obtained as mixtures of two diastereoisomers (trans and cis) which were separated and isolated as pure substances. Ortho-substituted N,N′‑cyclic azomethine imines 5-oxo-2-(2,4,6-trimethylbenzylidene)pyrazolidin-2-ium-1-ide (3e) and 2-(2-methoxybenzylidene)-5-oxopyrazolidin-2-ium-1-ide (3f) reacted stereoselectively affording only trans-6-ferrocenoyl-5-mesityltetrahydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-one (5e) and 6-ferrocenoyl-5-(2-methoxyphenyl)tetrahydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-one (5f). Ferrocenyl derivatives were screened for in vitro antioxidant and antifungal activities and excellent DPPH and ABTS radicals scavenging activity was observed with majority of tested 5‑aryl‑6‑ferrocenoyltetrahydropyrazolo[1,2‑a]pyrazol‑1(5H)-ones. Several tested compounds s...howed selective scavenging properties neutralizing ABTS•+ radical cations in contrast to inactivity toward DPPH[rad] radicals. Trans-5-aryl-6-ferrocenoyltetrahydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-ones 5b, 5c, 5d, 5j as well as cis-6-ferrocenoyl-5-(p-tolyl)tetrahydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-one (6d) displayed fungal growth inhibition at low concentration against C. albicans and/or A. brasiliensis. Molecular docking studies revealed that the cis-6-ferrocenoyl-5-(4-nitrophenyl)tetrahydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-one (6l) and cis-6-ferrocenoyl-5-(naphthalen-2-yl)tetrahydropyrazolo[1,2-a]pyrazol-1(5H)-one (6n) have potential to become lead molecules in drug discovery process. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
Keywords:Ferrocenes / Pyrazolones / Antioxidant activity / Antibacterial activity / Antifungal activity / Cyclic voltammetry
Source:Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 2018, 189, 134-142
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ISSN: 0162-0134 (print); 1873-3344 (electronic)