Examining the Effects of the Destroying Ammunition, Mines, and Explosive Devices on the Presence of Heavy Metals in Soil of Open Detonation Pit: Part 1—Pseudo-total Concentration
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АуториTešan Tomić, Neda
Smiljanić, Slavko N.
Jović, Mihajlo D.
Gligorić, Miladin J.
Povrenović, Dragan S.
Došić, Aleksandar D.
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© 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG
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This paper presents the results of determining the pseudo-total concentration of five heavy metals in the soil on which the destruction of ammunition, mines, and explosive devices is carried out by the method of open detonation. In the analyzed area, the concentrations of cadmium, lead, nickel, copper, and zinc were determined, while from the physical properties of the soil were determined the granulometric composition and the pH. The aim of the study is to determine the origin and total load on heavy metals and, based on that, to assess the dangers and impact of the site in terms of the soil pollution by heavy metals. In accordance with the regulations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the results of the soil testing showed a significant load of copper (up to seven times) and cadmium (up to six times), and exceeding the allowed values for nickel and zinc in some places. Lead was the only metal whose concentration was within the maximum allowed and according to that the soil was classified as... unpolluted. A sample of soil from the edge of the pit is the only sample in which all heavy metals, except Ni, were within the maximum allowable concentration. In regard to the concentration of the examined metals, the soil of the pit is classified as medium polluted from the aspect of copper, cadmium, and nickel and highly contaminated with zinc. The concentrations of copper and zinc in the examination area correspond to contaminated soil that represents ecological risk, which requires soil remediation. © 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
Кључне речи:Soil contamination / Open detonation / Heavy metals / Pseudo-total concentration / Soil classification / Phytoremediation
Извор:Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 2018, 229, 9, 301-
- See also Part 2: http://vinar.vin.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/7856
ISSN: 0049-6979 (print); 1573-2932 (electronic)