Wild Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L., Ericaceae) from Montenegro as a Source of Antioxidants for Use in the Production of Nutraceuticals
Mutić, Jelena J.
Stanković, Dalibor M.
Arsić, Ivana A.
Blagojević, Nada Z.
Vukašinović-Pešić, Vesna L.
Tadić, Vanja M.
Article (Published version)
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The aim of this study was to establish correlation of chemical composition and antioxidant activity of bilberry plants from Montenegro. Total phenolic, tannin, flavonoid, procyanidin and anthocyanin contents were determined in fruits and leaves extracts using spectrophotometric methods, while the measurements of metal content was carried out in an Inductively Coupled Atomic Emission Spectrometer. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of major phenolics were achieved by HPLC. In the investigated extracts, the most abundant phenolic was chlorogenic acid, followed by protocatechuic acid, while resveratrol, isoquercetin, quecetin and hyperoside were also present in significant quantities. Antioxidant potential was evaluated using two in vitro assays—FRAP and DPPH—being in the accordance with the cyclic voltammetry tests, performed as well. The results revealed that all the investigated extracts were rich in phenolic and essential mineral constituents, with significant antioxidant activity,... depending on the polyphenolic and mineral contents, which was confirmed by principal component analysis.
Keywords:Vaccinium myrtillus / phenolic compounds / metals / antioxidant activity / cyclic voltammetry / principal component analysis
Source:Molecules, 2018, 23, 8, 1864-
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