An analysis of naturally occurring radionuclides and 137Cs in the soils of urban areas using gamma-ray spectrometry
Đorđević, Aleksandar R.
Чланак у часопису (Објављена верзија)
© 2017, Islamic Azad University (IAU)
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This study of environmental radioactivity was carried out in the soils of an urban area. Naturally occurring gamma-emitting radionuclides and man-made137Cs were found in the soil profiles collected from four parks in the central Belgrade city area and the soil layer was examined every 10 cm and to a depth of 50 cm. Radioisotope activity concentrations (Bq kg−1) in the samples of urban soil using the gamma-ray spectrometry method were in the range of 14–46 for238U, 33–50 for226Ra, 29–63 for210Pb, 1.2–3.4 for235U, 28–50 for232Th, 424–576 for40K and 0.7–35.8 for137Cs. Some of the basic physicochemical soil properties (pH, organic matter content, calcium-carbonate content, particle size distribution) were determined to investigate the impact on the vertical distribution of radionuclides. The results of this investigation showed that variations of activity concentration ratios of radionuclides that belong to the same (238U/226Ra) or different radioactive series (232Th/226Ra;235U/238U), incl...uding210Pb/137Cs ratios could well be explained by the properties of the soil. Alkaline pH reaction, the accumulation of organic matter in the uppermost and of carbonates in the deepest layers of urban soil had an effect on238U/226Ra, and210Pb/137Cs activity concentration ratio values, while232Th/226Ra and partially235U/238U ratios were associated with the particle sizes vertical distribution. A study of radionuclides in the samples of leaves of two deciduous tree species common for these parks was also conducted and210Pb and40K were found concentrated in leaves rather than other investigated radionuclides.