Regional-specific effects of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion and dehydroepiandrosterone on synaptic NMDAR/PSD-95 complex in male Wistar rats
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Drakulić, Dunja R.
Guševac Stojanović, Ivana
Mitrović, Nataša Lj.
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Excessive glutamate efflux and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) over -activation represent wellknown hallmarks of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, still, expression of proteins involved in this aspect of I/R pathophysiology show inconsistent data. Neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) has been proposed as potent NMDAR modulator, but its influence on I/R-induced changes up to date remains questionable. Therefore, I/R-governed alteration of vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (vGluT1), synaptic NMDAR subunit composition, postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95) and neuronal morphology alone or following DHEA treatment were examined. For that purpose, adult male Wistar rats were treated with a single dose of vehicle or DHEA (20 mg/kg i.p.) 4 h following sham operation or 15 min bilateral common carotid artery occlusion. Western blot was used for analyses of synaptic protein expressions in hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, while neuronal morphology was assessed using Ni...ssl staining. Regional -specific postischemic changes were detected on protein level i.e. signs of neuronal damage in CA1 area was accompanied with hippocampal vGluT1, NR1, NR2B enhancement and PSD-95 decrement, while histological changes observed in layer III were associated with decreased NR1 subunit in prefrontal cortex. Under physiological conditions DHEA had no effect on protein and histological appearance, while in ischemic milieu it restored hippocampal PSD-95 and NR1 in prefrontal cortex to the control level. Along with intact neurons, ones characterized by morphology observed in I/R group were also present. Future studies involving NMDAR-related intracellular signaling and immunohistochemical analysis will reveal precise effects of I/R and DHEA treatment in selected brain regions. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.