The optical properties of dopamine-TiO2 submicronic sized particles
Jovanović, Dragana J.
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It is highly desirable to induce significant red-shift in the optical absorption edges of TiO2 phases so that this class of low-cost and environmentally friendly materials can be used as effective optical absorbing materials in photovoltaic cells. This work focuses on studying the formation of charge transfer (CT) complex, between TiO2 surface and dopamine as surface modifier, that induced significant red-shift of optical absorption in comparison to unmodified TiO2 particles. For that purpose, the submicronic sized TiO2 particles were synthesized at 150 0C by means of ultrasonic spray pyrolysis route using two different approaches for powder processing differing on how the precursor solution was made. In the first one, the colloidal source solution of unmodified TiO2nanoparticles was used as precursor solution and the particles were additionally modified by dopamine after completing the synthesis procedure. In the second approach, the dopamine modification of source colloidal TiO2 nano...particles preceded to powder processing. From Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images it can be concluded that both groups of dopamine modified submicronic spheres have diameter of approximately 430 nm and contain small primary building units (Figure 1a and 1b). The surface structure and optical properties of resulting particles were analyzed using Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) and UV-Vis spectroscopy investigations. The FT-IR measurements show that dopamine successfully formed CT complex at TiO2 surface. Based on the significant red shift on diffusive reflectance spectra (Figure 1c) it was estimated the effective band-gap value for all observed samples as to be ~1.3 eV.
Keywords:submicronic particles / TiO2 / dopamine
Source:ICOM 2012: The 3rd International Conference on the Physics of Optical Materials and Devices: Book of Abstract, 2012, 23-23
- Belgrade : Agencija FORMAT