Spectroscopic investigation of two Serbian icons painted on canvas
АуториDamjanović, Ljiljana S.
Mioc, Ubavka B.
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A multianalytical study of two Serbian icons, The Virgin and Child and St. Petka, painted on canvas by unknown authors was performed in order to identify the materials used as pigments, binders and the ground layer. The investigated icons belong to the Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Belgrade. Samples, collected from different parts of the icons, were analysed by: optical microscopy (OM), energy dispersive X-Ray fluorescence (EDXRF), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The obtained results revealed the presence of the following pigments: Prussian Blue, ultramarine, Green Earth, iron oxides, Lead White and Zinc White. Linseed oil was used as the binder. The materials used for the ground layers were gypsum, calcite, baryte and Lead White. The gilded surface of the icon The Virgin and Child was made of gold. The gilded surface on the frame of this icon was made of imitation of gold, i.e., Schlagmetal, since EDXRF spectroscopy showed the presence of cop...per and zinc, while gold was not detected. Based on the style and the consideration of an art historian, as well as on the obtained results for the corresponding pigments and binder, both icons were most probably made at the end of 19th or the beginning of the 20th century.