Elliptic flow of identified hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions at root(NN)-N-s=2.76 Tev
ALICE Collaboration (ukupan broj autora: 946)
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The elliptic flow coefficient (v(2)) of identified particles in Pb-Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 2.76 TeV was measured with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The results were obtained with the Scalar Product method, a two-particle correlation technique, using a pseudo-rapidity gap of |Delta eta| GT 0.9 between the identified hadron under study and the reference particles. The v (2) is reported for pi(+/-), K-+/-, K-S(0), p+(p) over bar, phi, Lambda+(Lambda) over bar, Xi+(Xi) over bar (+) and Omega(-)+(Omega) over bar (+) in several collision centralities. In the low transverse momentum (p(T)) region, p(T) LT 3 GeV/c, v(2)(p(T)) exhibits a particle mass dependence consistent with elliptic flow accompanied by the transverse radial expansion of the system with a common velocity field. The experimental data for pi (+/-) and the combined K-+/- and K-S(0) results, are described fairly well by hydrodynamic calculations coupled to a hadronic cascade model (VISHNU) for cent...ral collisions. However, the same calculations fail to reproduce the v(2)(p(T)) for p+(p) over bar, phi, Lambda+(Lambda) over bar, Xi+(Xi) over bar (+). For transverse momentum values larger than about 3 GeV/c, particles tend to group according to their type, i.e. mesons and baryons. The present measurements exhibit deviations from the number of constituent quark (NCQ) scaling at the level of +/- 20% for p(T) GT 3 GeV/c.
Кључне речи:Collective flow / Heavy Ions / Particle correlations and fluctuations
Извор:Journal of High Energy Physics, 2015, 6
- Grid centres, Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) collaboration, State Committee of Science, Armenia, World Federation of Scientists (WFS), Armenia, Swiss Fonds Kidagan, Armenia, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq), Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP), Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), Chinese Ministry of Education (CMOE), Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MSTC), Ministry of Education and Youth of the Czech Republic, Danish Natural Science Research Council, Carlsberg Foundation, Danish National Research Foundation, European Research Council under the European Communitys Seventh Framework Programme, Helsinki Institute of Physics, Academy of Finland, French CNRS-IN2P3, France, Region Pays de Loire, France, Region Alsace, France, Region Auvergne, France, CEA, France, German BMBF, Helmholtz Association, General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Ministry of Development, Greece, Hungarian OTKA, National Office for Research and Technology (NKTH), Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Italy, Centro Fermi - Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi, Italy, MEXT, Japan, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), CONACYT, DGAPA, Mexico, ALFA-EC, EPLANET Program (European Particle Physics Latin American Network) Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM), Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), Netherlands, Research Council of Norway (NFR), Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, National Science Centre, Poland, Ministry of National Education/Institute for Atomic Physics, Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federal Agency of Atomic Energy, Russian Federal Agency for Science and Innovations, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Ministry of Education of Slovakia, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa, CIEMAT, EELA, Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain, Xunta de Galicia (Conselleria de Educacion), CEADEN, Cubaenergia, Cuba, IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), Swedish Research Council (VR), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW), Ukraine Ministry of Education and Science, United Kingdom Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United States Department of Energy, United States National Science Foundation, State of Texas, State of Ohio, CNCS-UEFISCDI - Romania