Radionuclides in the soil around the largest coal-fired power plant in Serbia: radiological hazard, relationship with soil characteristics and spatial distribution
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Dragović, Snežana D.
Đorđević, Milan M.
Dragović, Ranko M.
Gajić, Boško A.
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Primordial radionuclides, U-238, Th-232 and K-40 were determined in soil samples collected at two depths (0-10 and 10-20 cm) in the vicinity of the largest coal-fired power plant in Serbia, and their spatial distribution was analysed using ordinary kriging. Mean values of activity concentrations for these depths were 50.7 Bq kg(-1) for U-238, 48.7 Bq kg(-1) for Th-232 and 560 Bq kg(-1) for K-40. Based on the measured activity concentrations, the radiological hazard due to naturally occurring radionuclides in soil was assessed. The value of the mean total absorbed dose rate was 76.3 nGy h(-1), which is higher than the world average. The annual effective dose due to these radionuclides ranged from 51.4 to 114.2 mu Sv. Applying cluster analysis, correlations between radionuclides and soil properties were determined. The distribution pattern of natural radionuclides in the environment surrounding the coal-fired power plant and their enrichment in soil at some sampling sites were in accorda...nce with dispersion models of fly ash emissions. From the results obtained, it can be concluded that operation of the coal-fired power plant has no significant negative impact on the surrounding environment with regard to the content of natural radionuclides.
Кључне речи:Primordial radionuclides / Gamma dose rates / Soil pollution / Cluster analysis / Geostatistical analysis / Interpolation
Извор:Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2015, 22, 13, 10317-10330
- Нове технологије за мониторинг и заштиту животног окружења од штетних хемијских супстанци и радијационог оптерећења (RS-43009)
ISSN: 0944-1344 (print); 1614-7499 (electronic)