Potential clinical significance of ER beta ON promoter methylation in sporadic breast cancer
АуториBožović, Ana M.
Dimitrijević, Bogomir B.
Jovanović-Ćupić, Snežana P.
Krajnović, Milena M.
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The aim of the study was to assess how hypermethylation of the ON promoter of the estrogen receptor beta (ER beta) gene affects its expression (at the mRNA and protein level) and to correlate these with some clinical and histopathological parameters. A total of 131 samples of frozen breast cancer tissue was analyzed. A custom-designed, two-step PCR method was used to measure the methylation index of the ER beta gene ON promoter region. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to quantify mRNA of the ER beta 1 isoform, while ER beta 1 protein was determined using the Western blot method. There was a significant difference in the methylation index of the ER beta gene ON promoter between the groups of patients with negative and positive axillary lymph node status (P = 0.03). In addition, the methylation index of the ON promoter was positively correlated with estrogen receptor alfa (ER alpha) protein levels (q = 0.31, P = 0.02). There was a signi...ficant difference in the methylation index of the ON promoter between the progesterone receptor (PR)-negative and PR-positive groups of patients (P = 0.01). ER beta 1 protein levels were negatively correlated with ER alpha protein (q = -0.27, P LT 0.01). The methylation index of the ON promoter could be a more reliable additional parameter for prediction and/or prognosis in breast cancer than ER beta 1-mRNA and/or protein levels.