p14(ARF) methylation is a common event in the pathogenesis and progression of myxoid and pleomorphic liposarcoma
AuthorsDavidović, Radoslav S.
Krajnović, Milena M.
Dimitrijević, Bogomir B.
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Liposarcoma represents the most frequent group of soft tissue sarcomas. The group can be divided into three different classes: (1) differentiated/undifferentiated (WDLPS/DDLPS), (2) myxoid/round cell (MLPS/RCLPS) and (3) pleomorphic liposarcoma (PLS). It has become apparent that p53-p14 and Rb-p16 pathways play important roles in the pathogenesis of various sarcoma types. Molecular studies of the genes involved in these two pathways showed wide variations between the liposarcoma subtypes or even within the same subtype. We sought to examine mutational status of p53 and methylation status of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) genes in primary and recurrent liposarcoma tumors. There were twelve myxoid (12/18, 66.7 %) and six pleomorphic liposarcoma (6/18, 33.3 %) samples. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that p53 protein was overexpressed in 3/12 MLPS (25 %) and 6/6 PLS (100 %). Mutational analysis showed that 2/11 MLPS (18.2 %) and 2/6 PLS (33.3 %) contained mutated p53 gene. On the other hand, 3.../18 samples (16.7 %) had methylated p16 promoter. However, the frequencies of the p14(ARF) gene methylation were 83.3 % (10/12) and 50 % (3/6) in myxoid and pleomorphic group, respectively. Overall, 15 out of 18 (83.3 %) samples had either p53 gene mutation or methylated p14(ARF) promoter. The results from the current study suggest significant impact of the p14(ARF) gene methylation on the pathogenesis and progression of myxoid and to a lesser extent pleomorphic liposarcoma. Despite the limited number of samples, our study points to necessity of further investigation of p53-p14 and Rb-p16 pathways in liposarcoma.