Comparison of Sources of Urban Ambient Particle Bound Pahs Between Non-Heating Seasons 2009 and 2012 in Belgrade, Serbia
Markovic, D. A.
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Exposure to increased concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is associated with adverse health problems and specifically with carcinogenic and mutagenic effects. The major PAH sources outdoors are: stationary sources from industry (power plants, incineration, local industry) and domestic sources as the residential heating, burning and pyrolysis of coal, oil, gas, garbage, wood, or other organic substances mobile emissions (diesel and petrol engines), biomass burning and agricultural activities (e.g., open burning of brushwood, straw, stubble). The aim of this study was to assess potential differences in particle-bound PAH levels and source contribution between summer 2009 and 2012 sampling campaigns done at the same location in Belgrade urban area. The sampling location is considered representative for a mix of residential, business and industrial areas of New Belgrade, an urban area that has been under rapid development. The average concentrations of PM10 are slight...ly higher in summer 2012 than in 2009. PM-bound PAH follow the same trend as the PM indicating an increasing strength of PAH sources relative to all PM sources. Appling positive matrix factorization, three potential sources of PAHs in the atmosphere were distinguished: 1) stationary sources, 2) traffic (diesel and gasoline vehicle exhaust) and 3) local open burning sources (OBS). The analysis confirmed higher contribution of traffic and lower of OBS in summer 2012 than in 2009, reflecting higher traffic volumes and absence of or lower local OBS emissions due to burning wood, grass and domestic waste in 2012.
Keywords:urban air pollution sources / monitoring / polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons / positive matrix factorization
Source:Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly / CICEQ, 2015, 21, 1, 211-219
- An integral study to identify the regional genetic and environmental risk factors for the common noncommunicable diseases in the human population of Serbia - INGEMA_S (RS-41028)
- WeBIOPATR - Research Council of Norway, Municipality of Belgrade, Secretary of Environmental Protection