Environmental Impact Assessment of the Nuclear Reactor in Vinca, Based on the Data on Emission of Radioactivity from the Literature - a Modeling Approach
Dramlić, Stefan D.
Dramlić, Dragan M.
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Research activities of Vinca Institite have been based on two heavy water research reactors: a 10 MW one, RA, and zero power, RB. Reactor RA was operational from 1962 to 1982. In 2010, spent fuel has been sent to the country of origin, and the reactor now is in decommissioning. During the operational phase of the reactor there were no recorded accidental releases into the environment, only operational ones. Results of the environmental impact assessment of the assumed emission of radionuclides from the ventilation of nuclear reactor RA in Vinca to the atmospheric boundary layer are presented in this paper. Evaluation was done by using the Gaussian straight-line diffusion model and taking into account characteristics of the reactor ventilation system, the assumed emission release of radioactivity (from the literature), site-specific meteorological data for six-year period and local topography around nuclear reactor, and corresponding dose factors for inventory of radionuclides. Based on... the described approach, and assuming that the range of appropriate meteorological data for six year period for the application of described mathematical model is enough for this kind of analysis, it can be concluded that the nuclear reactor RA, in the course of its work from 1962 to 1982, had no influence on the surrounding environment through the air above regulatory limits.
Кључне речи:environment / impact / assessment / nuclear / reactor / model
Извор:Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly / CICEQ, 2015, 21, 1, 189-199
ISSN: 1451-9372 (print); 2217-7434 (electronic)