Sol-gel as a Method to Tailor the Magnetic Properties of Co1+yAl2-yO4
Babić-Stojić Branka S.
Jokanović, Vukoman R.
Jović, Nataša G.
Čolović, Božana M.
Čupić, Svetlana D.
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The magnetic properties of mesoscopic materials are modified by size and surface effects. We present a sol-gel method used to tailor these effects, and illustrate it on Co1+yAl2-yO4 spinel. Nanocomposites made of spinel oxide Co1+yAl2-yO4 particles dispersed in an amorphous SiO2 matrix were synthesized. Samples with various mass fractions -x of Co1+yAl2-yO4 in composite, ranging from predominantly SiO2 (x = 10 wt%) to predominantly spinel (x = 95 wt%), and with various Co concentrations in spinel y were studied. The spinel grain sizes were below 100 nm with a large size distribution, for samples with predominant spinel phase. Those samples showed Curie-Weiss paramagnetic behavior with antiferromagnetically interacting Co ions (theta approximate to -100 K). The grain sizes of spinel stays confined in 100 nm range even in the spinel samples diluted with as low as 5 wt% concentration of amorphous SiO2. For the samples with predominant SiO2 the crystalline nanoparticles are well separated ...and of size of around 100 nm, but with presence of much smaller spinel nanoparticles of about 10 nm. The magnetic properties of the samples with predominant silica phase showed complex behavior, spin-glass magnetic freezing at the lowest temperatures and lower absolute value of theta and consequently lower exchange constant.
Кључне речи:Magnetic materials / Sol-gel preparation / Nanocomposites / Spin glass / Magnetic properties
Извор:Science of Sintering, 2013, 45, 1, 69-78
- Хемијско и структурно дизајнирање наноматеријала за примену у медицини и инжењерству ткива (RS-172026)
ISSN: 0350-820X (print)