Chronic Stress Decreases Availability of Heat Shock Proteins to Glucocorticoid Receptor in Response to Novel Acute Stress in Wistar Rat Hypothalamus
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Chronic psychosocial isolation (CPSI) is known to cause several maladaptive changes in the limbic brain structures, which regulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. In this study, we focused our investigation on CPSI effects in the hypothalamus (HT) since it is a major driver of HPA axis activity. We also investigated whether the exposure to CPSI could alter the response to subsequent acute stress (30-min immobilization). In the HT, we followed cytosolic and nuclear levels of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), as a mediator of HPA axis feedback inhibition, and its chaperones, the heat shock proteins (HSPs), hsp70 and hsp90. The CPSI did not cause any changes in either GR or HSPs levels. However, we observed increase of the GR and hsp70 in both HT cellular compartments as a response of na LT ve rats to acute stress, whereas the response of CPSI rats to acute stress was associated with elevation of the GR in the cytosol and decrease of HSPs in the nucleus. Thus, our ...data indicated reduced availability of HSPs to GR in both cytosol and nucleus of the HT under acute stress of CPSI animals, and therefore, pointed out to potentially negative effects of CPSI on GR function in the HT.