Characterization of chitosan/montmorillonite membranes as adsorbents for Bezactiv Orange V-3R dye
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The synthesis, characterization and environmental application of chitosan/montmorillonite membrane for adsorption Bezactiv Orange V-3R were investigated. Chitosan/montmorillonite membranes were synthesized in different ratios, containing 10-50% of montmorillonite (MMT) in membrane. These membranes were characterized by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetry (TG) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The adsorption kinetics were investigated using three different concentrations of Bezactiv Orange dye (30, 50 and 80 mg/L). The adsorption capacity increases with increasing amount of MMT in membranes. These membranes show the highest adsorption capacity when the initial dye concentration was 80 mg/L The results show that the optimum condition for adsorption of Bezactiv Orange is pH 6. A comparison of kinetic models was evaluated for the pseudo-first and pseudo-second order and intra-particle diffusion. The experimental data were fitted to the pseudo-second... order kinetic model, and also followed by intra-particle diffusion. Intra-particle diffusion is not the only rate-controlling step. The Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms were applied to experimental equilibrium data at different concentration of dye solution. The results indicated the competency of chitosan/MMT membranes adsorbent for Bezactiv Orange adsorption. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.