The thermal stability of the external invertase isoforms from Saccharomyces cerevisiae correlates with the surface charge density
Scheidt, Holger A.
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Understanding the effect of surface charge on the stability of proteins is one prerequisite for tailoring proteins with increased thermal stability. Here, we investigated the origin of the altered thermal stability observed between the four recently isolated isoforms (EINV1-EINV4) of external invertase. External invertase from yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a homodimeric glycoprotein, represents a widely used model for studying the influence of the glyco component on protein stability. The stability of the four isoforms of invertase decreases from EINV1 to EINV4, which is accompanied by an increase in negative surface charge density. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that the isoforms share identical protein parts indicating that the differences in stability are the result of post-translational modifications. P-31 NMR analysis revealed that the isoforms contain negatively charged phosphate groups in diester and monoester forms attached to the glycan part. The total amount of phospha...te bound to the polymannan component varies between the different isoforms. These results, together with the analysis of the amount of polymannan components, show that negative surface charge density does not entirely depend on the amount of phosphate but rather on its distribution. This suggests that charged groups bound to the glyco-component of a protein can influence the stability of glycoproteins. (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Кључне речи:Glycoprotein stability / Surface charge / Phosphorylation / Invertase / Isoform
Извор:Biochimie, 2012, 94, 2, 510-515
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- Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD)