Regulation of Catecholamine-Synthesising Enzymes and beta-Adrenoceptors Gene Expression in Ventricles of Stressed Rats
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Stress exposure activates the sympathoneural system, resulting in catecholamine release. Chronic stress is associated with development of numerous disorders, including cardiovascular diseases. Here we investigated the expression of mRNAs for catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes tyrosine-hydroxylase, dopamine-beta-hydroxylase and phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase, and for beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptors in the right and left ventricles of rats exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress. The tyrosine-hydroxylase and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase mRNA levels were not affected by stress, whereas the phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase mRNA levels significantly increased in both right and left ventricles. No changes in beta(1)-adrenoceptor mRNA levels in either right or left ventricles were observed. At the same time, stress produced a significant increase of beta(2)-adrenoceptor mRNA levels in left ventricles. These results suggest that elevated expression of phenylethanolamine N-me...thyltransferase in both ventricules and beta(2)-adrenoceptor genes in left ventricles could provide a molecular mechanism that leads to altered physiological response, which is important for the organism coping with stress.
Keywords:Chronic stress / Ventricles / Catecholamine enzymes / beta-adrenoceptors / Gene expression
Source:Physiological Research, 2011, 60, S171-S176
- Ministry for Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia [143044B]