Inhibition of Mitochondrial Na+-Dependent Ca2+ Efflux By 17 Beta-Estradiol in the Rat Hippocampus
Drakulić, Dunja R.
Чланак у часопису
МетаподациПриказ свих података о документу
Our results, as well as those of others, have indicated that 17 beta-estradiol (E2) exerts its nongenomic effects in neuronal cells by affecting plasma membrane Ca2+ flux. In neuronal cells mitochondria possess Ca2+ buffering properties as they both sequester and release Ca2+. The goal of this study was to examine the rapid non-genomic effect of E2 on mitochondria! Ca2+ transport in hippocampal synaptosomes from ovariectomised rats. In addition, we aimed to determine if, and to what extent, E2 receptors participated in mitochondria! Ca2+ transport modulation by E2 in vitro. E2-specific binding and Ca2+ transport was monitored. At physiological E2 concentrations (0.1-1.5 nmol/L), specific E2 binding to mitochondria isolated from hippocampal synaptosomes was detected with a B-max and K-m of 37.6 +/- 2.6 fmol/mg protein and 0.69 +/- 0.14 nmol/L of free E2, respectively. The main mitochondrial Ca2+ influx mechanism is the Ruthenium Red-sensitive uniporter driven by mitochondrial membrane p...otential. Despite no effect of E2 on Ca2+ influx, a physiological E2 concentration (0.5 nmol/L) protected mitochondrial membrane potential and consequently Ca2+ influx from the uncoupling agent carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (1 mu mol/L). In neuronal cells the predominant mitochondria! Ca2+ efflux mechanism is the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger. E2 caused Ca2+ efflux inhibition (by 46%) coupled with increased affinity of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger for Na+. Using E2 receptor (ER alpha and ER beta) antagonists and agonists, we confirmed ER betas involvement in E2-induced mitochondrial membrane potential protection as well as Ca2+ efflux inhibition. In summary, our results indicate that the nongenomic neuromodulatory role of E2 in rat hippocampus is achieved by affecting mitochondria! Ca2+ transport via, in part, mitochondrial ER beta. (C) 2011 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Кључне речи:mitochondria / Ca2+ transport / estradiol / estradiol receptors / rat hippocampus
Извор:Neuroscience, 2011, 192, 195-204
- Молекуларни механизми патофизиолошких промена у ћелијама централног нервног система и периферног ткива код сисара (RS-173044)
ISSN: 0306-4522 (print)