Radiological Hazards of Cs-137 in Cultivated and Undisturbed Areas
AuthorsNenadović, Snežana S.
Kljajević, Ljiljana M.
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The exposure of human beings to ionizing radiation from Cs-137 is a continuing and inescapable feature of life on Earth. Artificial radio nuclides are widely distributed in various geological formations and ecosystems such as rock, soil, groundwater, and foodstuffs. In the presents study, the distribution of Cs-137 was measured in soil samples collected from different lithological units of the Rudovci, Lazarevac, Serbia. Analysis of the vertical soil profiles indicated that the activity of Cs-137 was not extremely changed with depth. The activity concentrations of the Cs-137 in measured soil samples ranged from below minimal detectable concentrations up to 38.1 Bq/kg. In order to evaluate the radiological hazards due to Cs-137 in the samples, the absorbed dose rate and the annual effective dose were calculated in accordance with recommendations given in the UNSCEAR 2000 report. The distribution of radionuclides depends upon the rock composition, chemical and physical properties of the ...soil. The external absorbed gamma dose rates due Cs-137 were found to vary from 0 to 1.16 nGy/h.