Characterisation of surface oxygen groups on different carbon materials by the Boehm method and temperature-programmed desorption
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The surface characteristics of different carbon materials: activated carbon, carbon felt, glassy carbon and a porous carbon monolith were investigated. The specific surface area was examined by the BET method with N(2) adsorption, the amount and the type of surface oxygen groups by Boehm titration as well as by temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). By comparing the results obtained using BET analysis with those of TPD and the Boehm method, it was found that the number of surface groups was not proportional to the specific surface area. The total amount of oxygen groups, obtained by TPD, is higher than the amount obtained by Boehms method for porous samples. The inconsistencies between these results originate from the fact that the Boehm method is limited to the determination of acidic and basic groups, whereas TPD provides information on the total number of all surface oxygen groups. In addition, the presence of porosity could reduce the solvent-accessible surface in the Boehm metho...d. The TPD profiles of CO evolution showed the presence of a low temperature maximum, below 650 K, which originates from CO(2) reduction on the carbon material surface.
Кључне речи:carbon materials / surface oxygen groups / temperature programmed desorption
Извор:Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2011, 76, 5, 757-768
- Ministry of Science and Technological Development of the Republic Serbia [151005B, 142002]
ISSN: 0352-5139 (print)