Regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase activity/expression in rat hearts from ghrelin-treated rats
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Soskić, Sanja S.
Janjetović, Kristina D.
Trajković, Vladimir S.
Mikhailidis, Dimitri P.
Isenović, Esma R.
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ghrelin on protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase p42/44 (ERK1/2) activation as well as ghrelin effects on inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS; for gene Nos2) activity/expression in rat hearts. Male Wistar rats were treated with ghrelin (0.3 nmol/5 mu l) or an equal volume of phosphate-buffered saline, injected every 24 h into the lateral cerebral ventricle for 5 days and 2 h after the last treatment the animals were sacrificed. Serum NO, l-arginine (l-Arg), and arginase activity were measured spectrophotometrically. For phosphorylation of Akt, ERK1/2, and iNOS protein expression, Western blot method was used. The expression of Nos2 mRNA was measured by the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Treatment with ghrelin significantly increased NO production in serum by 1.4-fold compared with control. The concentration of l-Arg was significantly higher in ghrelin-treated rats than in c...ontrol while arginase activity was significantly lower in ghrelin-treated than in control hearts. Ghrelin treatment increased phosphorylation of Akt by 1.9-fold and ERK1/2 by 1.6-fold and increased iNOS expression by 2.5-fold compared with control. In addition, ghrelin treatment increased Nos2 gene expression by 2.2-fold as determined by qRT-PCR. These results indicate that ghrelin regulation of iNOS expression/activity is mediated via Akt/ERK1/2 signaling pathway. These results may be relevant to understanding molecular mechanisms underlying direct cardiovascular actions of ghrelin.
Кључне речи:Ghrelin / Nitric oxide synthase / Akt / ERK1/2
Извор:Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2011, 67, 2, 195-204
- Ministry of Science, Republic of Serbia [143030B, 145073]