Synthesis and characterization of Pt nanocatalyst on Ru0.7Ti0.3O2 support as a cathode for fuel cells application
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Ruthenium oxide/titanium oxide, with a Ru:Ti atomic ratio of 7:3 was synthesized by modified sol-gel procedure and used as a support for platinum nanocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction. The synthesized materials were characterized in terms of morphology, particle size distribution, chemical and phase composition by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), high angle annular dark filed scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF, STEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). XPS spectra revealed that Ru atoms were in mainly in Ru(4+) oxidation state, the Ti atoms in Ti(4+) oxidation state, whereas the Pt-atoms were in metallic state. TEM analysis proved that platinum nanoparticles nucleated at both oxide species and homogeneous distribution was observed. The average platinum nanoparticle size was 3.05 nm. Electrochemically active surface area of platinum was 32 m(2) g(-1). Kinetics of the oxygen reduction was studied at rotating disc electrode in 0....5 mol dm(-3) HClO4 solution, at 25 degrees C. The catalytic activities expressed in terms of specific activity (per electrochemically active surface area of platinum) and mass activity (per mass of platinum) were determined and compared to Pt catalyst on carbon support. The high catalytic activity was proven by electrochemical characterization. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Ruthenium oxide based support / Titanium oxide support / Pt nanocatalyst / Oxygen reduction reaction / Acid solution
Source:Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2015, 739, 164-171
- Development, characterization and application nanostructured and composite electrocatalysts and interactive supports for fuel cells and water electrolysis (RS-172054)
- Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia [451-03-3095/2014-09/26], Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the US. Department of Energy [DE-AC02-05CH11231], Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts