Diffractive electroproduction of rho and phi mesons at HERA
H1 Collaboration (ukupan broj autora: 247)
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Diffractive electroproduction of rho and phi mesons is measured at HERA with the H1 detector in the elastic and proton dissociative channels. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 51 pb(-1). About 10500 rho and 2000 phi events are analysed in the kinematic range of squared photon virtuality 2.5 LT = Q(2) LT = 60 GeV2, photon-proton centre of mass energy 35 LT = W LT = 180 GeV and squared four-momentum transfer to the proton vertical bar t vertical bar LT = 3 GeV2. The total, longitudinal and transverse cross sections are measured as a function of Q(2), W and vertical bar t vertical bar. The measurements show a transition to a dominantly hard behaviour, typical of high gluon densities and small q (q) over bar dipoles, for Q(2) larger than 10 to 20 GeV2. They support flavour independence of the diffractive exchange, expressed in terms of the scaling variable (Q(2) + M-V(2))/4, and proton vertex factorisation. The spin density matrix elements are measured as a function of kin...ematic variables. The ratio of the longitudinal to transverse cross sections, the ratio of the helicity amplitudes and their relative phases are extracted. Several of these measurements have not been performed before and bring new information on the dynamics of diffraction in a QCD framework. The measurements are discussed in the context of models using generalised parton distributions or universal dipole cross sections.
Кључне речи:Lepton-Nucleon Scattering
Извор:Journal of High Energy Physics, 2010, 5
ISSN: 1029-8479 (print)