The influence of gamma radiation on the dielectric relaxation behaviour of isotactic polypropylene: The alpha relaxation
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The high-temperature a relaxation in gamma irradiated isotactic polypropylene (iPP) was studied over the temperature (298-406 K), frequency (10(3)-10(6) Hz) and absorbed dose (0-700 kGy) ranges by means of dielectric spectroscopy. The multiple a relaxation was resolved from the 0 relaxation by curve fitting and its parameters were determined. Its position, intensity and activation energy were found to be strongly dependent on the changes in the structural and morphological parameters attributed to the exposure of the samples to radiation. Wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) was used to investigate radiation-induced changes in the crystalline structure and degree of crystallinity, since this relaxation is connected with the crystal phase. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy and gel measurements were used to determine the changes in the oxidative degradation and the degree of network formation, respectively; the polar (carbonyl and/or hydroperoxide) groups that were introduced by irradiation were... considered as tracer groups. Conclusions derived according to different methods were compared. The results reveal uncommon a relaxation behaviour with gamma radiation and confirm the multiple nature of this process, together with high dielectric and/or relaxation sensitivity of iPP to the radiation-induced changes. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Кључне речи:Polypropylene / Relaxation / Gamma radiation / Dielectric spectroscopy / Polar groups
Извор:Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2010, 95, 2, 164-171
- Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Serbia 
ISSN: 0141-3910 (print)