Comparative study of differently treated animal bones for Co2+ removal
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The objective of the present study was the evaluation of differently treated bovine bones for Co2+ removal from aqueous media. Powdered bones (B), as well as samples prepared by H2O2 oxidation (BH2O2) and annealing at 400-1000 degrees C (B400-B1000), were tested as sorbent materials. A combination of XRD, FTIR spectroscopies, DTA/TGA analyses, specific surface area (S-p) and point of zero charge (pH(PZC)) measurements was utilized for physicochemical characterization of sorbents. Sorption of Co2+ was studied in batch conditions as a function of pH, contact time and Co2+ concentration. Initial pH values in the range4-8 were found optimal for sorption experiments. Equilibrium time of 24 h was required in all investigated systems. The maximum sorption capacities differ significantly from 0.078 to 0.495 mmol/g, whereas the affinity towards Co2+ decreased in the order: B400 GT BH2O2 GT B600 GT B GT B800 GT B1000. The pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir theoretical equation were used for ...fitting the kinetic and equilibrium data, respectively. Ion-exchange with Ca2+ and specific cation sorption were identified as main removal mechanisms. The amounts of Co2+ desorbed from loaded bone sorbents increased with the decrease of pH as well as with the increase of Ca2+ concentration. Heating at 400 degrees C was found to be an optimal treatment for the production of the Co2+ removal agent. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Кључне речи:Animal bones / Co2+ / Sorption / Water treatment
Извор:Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, 164, 1, 279-287
- Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Serbia [142050G]
ISSN: 0304-3894 (print)