Characterization of volatile compounds of Drenja, an alcoholic beverage obtained from the fruits of cornelian cherry
AuthorsTešević, Vele V.
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In this study, volatile compounds were analyzed in five samples of home-made spirit beverage made by the distillation of fermented fruits of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.). The major volatile compounds, besides ethanol, identified and quantified were: methanol, acetaldehyde, I-propanol, ethyl acetate, 2-methyl-1-propanol, 1-butanol, amyl alcohols, 1-hexanol and 2-phenyl-ethanol, The minor volatiles were submitted to liquid liquid extraction with dichloromethane and analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography/ /mass spectrometry (GC/MS). A total of 84 compounds were identified. The most abundant compounds were straight-chain free fatty acids, ethyl esters of C(6)-C(18) acids, limonene, 2-phenylethanol and 4-ethylphenol. Most of the compounds found in the Drenja spirits investigated in this study arc similar to those present in other alcoholic beverages.