Properties of grape seed Proanthocyanidins and quercetin in human lymphocytes
MetadataShow full item record
This study addresses the in vitro protective effects of proanthocyanidins and quercetin on the frequency of micronuclei with reference to the antioxidant status of cultured human lymphocytes also subjected to 2 Gy of gamma-radiation. Treatment of lymphocytes with proanthocyanidins induced a significant decrease in the frequency of micronuclei and reduction of malonyldialdehyde production, as well as increased catalase and glutathione S-transferase activity Quercetin induces a higher incidence of micronuclei and production of malonyldialdehyde. The seven-fold increase of micronuclei frequency induced by a therapeutic dose of gamma-radiation was decreased in the presence of proanthocyanidins. These results demonstrate that proanthocyanidins may be important in the prevention of ROS-induced oxidative lymphocyte damage by decreasing DNA damage, lowering membrane lipid peroxidation, and increasing the activity AOP enzymes, as well as by reducing the level of gamma-radiation-induced DNA dama...ge. Our results support the potential benefits of proanthocyanidins as efficient antioxidants and radioprotectors.
Keywords:micronucleus test / flavonoids / malonyldialdehyde / catalase / glutathione S-transferase / gamma-radiation / human lymphocytes
Source:Archives of biological sciences, 2008, 60, 3, 367-377
- Serbian Ministry of Science [143044B]