Cardiac-induced localized thoracic motion detected by a fiber optic sensing scheme
AuthorsAllsop, Thomas P.
Bhamber, Ranjeet S.
Webb, David J.
MetadataShow full item record
The cardiovascular health of the human population is a major concern for medical clinicians, with cardiovascular diseases responsible for 48% of all deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. The development of new diagnostic tools that are practicable and economical to scrutinize the cardiovascular health of humans is a major driver for clinicians. We offer a new technique to obtain seismocardiographic signals up to 54 Hz covering both ballistocardiography (below 20 Hz) and audible heart sounds (20 Hz upward), using a system based on curvature sensors formed from fiber optic long period gratings. This system can visualize the real-time three-dimensional (3-D) mechanical motion of the heart by using the data from the sensing array in conjunction with a bespoke 3-D shape reconstruction algorithm. Visualization is demonstrated by adhering three to four sensors on the outside of the thorax and in close proximity to the apex of the heart; the sensing scheme revealed a co...mplex motion of the heart wall next to the apex region of the heart. The detection scheme is low-cost, portable, easily operated and has the potential for ambulatory applications. (C) 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Keywords:curvature sensing / long period gratings / cardio measurement
Source:Journal of Biomedical Optics, 2014, 19, 11
- UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council [EP/J010413]