Effect of gamma-irradiation on the hydrolytic stability and thermo-oxidative behavior of bio/inorganic modified urea-formaldehyde resins
AuthorsPetković, Branka B.
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In order to minimize emission of formaldehyde from urea formaldehyde resins (UF) and to improve their thermo-oxidative behavior, the effect of low gamma-irradiation on hydrolytic and thermo-oxidative stability of nano-silica modified UF resin, modified UF resin with wood flour (Pinus silvestris L.) as natural filler and modified UF resin with mixture of SiO2/WF fillers were investigated. The hydrolytic stability of modified UF resins was determined by measuring the mass loss and liberated formaldehyde concentration of modified UF resins after acid hydrolysis. The studied modified UF resins have been irradiated (50 kGy) and effect of gamma-irradiation was evaluated on the basis of percentage of liberated formaldehyde before and after irradiation. The minimum percentage (1.23%) of liberated formaldehyde and mass loss of a 25.35% were obtained in wood flour modified UF resin after 7-irradiation which indicate significant improvement in the hydrolytic stability compared to other modified U...F resins. The effect of gamma-irradiation was evaluated also on the basis of thermo-oxidative behavior of the same modified UF resins before and after irradiation. The thermo-oxidative behavior was studied by non-isothermal thermo-gravimetric analysis (TG), differential thermo-gravimetly (DTG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) supported by data from IR spectroscopy. After gamma-irradiation, the shift of DTA peaks a higher temperature indicates that thermo-oxidative stability of modified UF/SiO2/WF is increase. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.