Sorption of rhenium on alumina under dynamic conditions
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The sorption of perrhenate anion on alumina from aqueous solutions of sodium chloride was investigated under dynamic conditions. The initial concentrations of rhenium were in the range of 2.7 x 10(-2)-2.7 mmol/dM(3). The breakthrough curves as the function of Re and NaCl concentrations (0. 12-0.20 mol/dm(3)), pH 2-6 and flow rate 3-10 ml/min were determined. According to the experimental results, it was concluded that the breakthrough capacities, the capacities at c/c(0) = 0.5, the total column capacities and the utilization degrees (column efficiency) increase with increasing Re and NaCl concentrations and decreasing pH. The optimal flow rate was found to be 3 ml/min. At pH 2 and c(0) = 2.7 mmol Re/dm(3), the total capacity was found to be Q(0.9) (max) = 2.1 x 10(-2) mmol Re/g Al2O3. The data for perrhenate anions fit with a Henry-type isotherm. It was found that, under the above mentioned conditions, the value of the Henry constant K-H was 7.8 x 10(-3) dm(3)/g and the Gibbs energy ch...ange, Delta G was -0.5 kJ/mol.