Implementation of neural networks for classification of moss and lichen samples on the basis of gamma-ray spectrometric analysis
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Mosses and lichens have an important role in biomonitoring. The objective of this study is to develop a neural network model to classify these plants according to geographical origin. A three-layer feed-forward neural network was used. The activities of radionuclides (Ra-226, U-238, U-235, K-40, Th-232, Cs-134, Cs-137 and Be-7) detected in plant samples by gamma-ray spectrometry were used as inputs for neural network. Five different training algorithms with different number of samples in training sets were tested and compared, in order to find the one with the minimum root mean square error. The best predictive power for the classification of plants from 12 regions was achieved using a network with 5 hidden layer nodes and 3,000 training epochs, using the online back-propagation randomized training algorithm. Implementation of this model to experimental data resulted in satisfactory classification of moss and lichen samples in terms of their geographical origin. The average classificat...ion rate obtained in this study was (90.7 +/- 4.8)%.