Structure and morphology of nano-sized W-Ti/Si thin films
Gaković, Biljana M.
Rakočević, Zlatko Lj.
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Thin films were deposited by d.c. sputtering onto a Silicon Substrate. The influence of the W-Ti thin film thickness to its structural and morphological characteristics of a nano-scale were studied. The phase composition and grain size were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), while the surface morphology and surface roughness were determined by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The analysis of the phase composition show that the thin films had a polycrystalline structure they were composed of a b.c.c. W phase with the presence of a h.c.p. Ti phase. The XRD peak in the scattering angle interval of 38 degrees-43 degrees was interpreted as an overlap of peaks corresponding to the W(110) and Ti(101) planes. The grain size and the mean surface roughness both increase with the thikness of the thin film. The chemical composition of the thin film surface was also analysed by low energy ions scattering (LEIS). The results show the surface segregation of titanium, as well as a substantial pre...sence of oxygen an the surface.