Characterization of dispersion strengthened copper with 3wt%Al2O3 by mechanical alloying
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The copper matrix has been dispersion strengthened with 3wt. %Al2O3 by mechanical alloying. Commercial alumina powder with an average particle size of 0.751 mum was used for alloying. The mechanical alloying process was performed in a planetary ball mill up to 20h in air. After milling all powders were treated in H-2 at 400(degrees)C for 1h, and finally hot pressing was used for compaction (800degreesC, 3h, Ar). Structure observations revealed a lamellar structure (Al2O3 particles largely restricted to interlamellar planes between adjacent copper lamellae) accompanied also by structure refinement. These structural changes were mostly completed in the early stage of milling, and retained after compaction. Micro. hardness was found to progressively increase with milling time. So, after 5h of milling the micro hardness of the Cu+3twt%Al2O3 compact was 1540MPa, i.e. 2.5 times greater than for the as-received electrolytic copper powder (638MPa) compacted under identical conditions, while af...ter 20h of milling it was 2370 MPa. However, after exposing the tested compact at 800degreesC up to 5h, the achieved hardening effect vanished.