The responses of rat liver glucocorticoid receptors and genes for tyrosine aminotransferase, alpha-2-macroglobulin and gamma-fibrinogen to adrenalectomy-, dexamethasone- and inflammation-induced changes in the levels of glucocorticoids and proinflammatory cytokines
Isenović, Esma R.
Ribarac-Stepić, Nevena B.
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The responses of liver glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and genes coding for a glucocorticoid-inducible tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) and two acute-phase proteins (APP) [alpha (2)-macroglobulin (alpha (2)-M) and gamma -fibrinogen (Fb)] to changes in glucocorticoid (GC) and proinflammatory (AP) cytokine contents have been examined in rats after single or combined treatments with turpentine oil, dexamethasone (Dex) and adrenalectomy. Activation of two APP genes in turpentine-induced inflammation was accompanied by an increase in the level of GR mRNA and a preferential translocation of GR-GC complexes to the nucleoplasm, while the expression of TAT remained unaltered. Dex alone caused a decrease in the levels of GR and Fb mRNAs, activation of TAT and alpha (2)-M genes, a decrease in the affinity of hormone binding sites and redistribution of translocated GR-Dex complexes within the nuclei. Inflammation potentiated the effect which Dex alone exerted on the GIR content and the number of GR bi...nding sites but counteracted its influence on the affinity of GR binding sites and nuclear distribution of GR-Dex complexes.