The improvement of the detection power of a U-shaped DC plasma
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Optimization of the operating parameters of U-shpaed DC arc plasma and spectrometer parameters has been undertaken to explore the possibilities of improving its detection power. It is demonstrated, with a U-shaped are as an example, that the limits of detection, in addition to well-defined parameters as described by Boumans(1,2) and Winge,(3) depend on the signal integration time. It is shown that with increasing integration time, the limits of detection are decreased within some limits and that the precision :Ind concentration sensitivity are improved as well. A mathematical expression for the dependence of the detection limit on the integration lime is presented. To increase the reliability of the measurement of the mentioned parameters, the working conditions were optimized for the following analytes: Ag, Al, Au, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Pd, Pt, and V. The obtained limits of detection are comparable or better than those obtained by ICP for the elements studied. It was estimed that the po...ssibility exists for their further improvement up to 10 times.