Electron spin resonance study of the kerogen/asphaltene vanadyl porphyrins: air oxidation
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Thermal behavior of vanadyl porphyrins was studied by electron spin resonance during heating of the kerogens isolated from the La Luna (Venezuela), Maganik(Montenegro) and Serpiano (Switzerland) bituminous rocks at 150 and 250 degreesC for 1 to 20 days in the presence of air. During the thermal treatment of the kerogens the vanadyl porphyrins resonance signals decrease monotonically and become quite small after six days of heating. Concomitantly, new vanadyl signals appear, and, at longer heating times, dominate the spectrum. It is suggested that the secondary vanadyl species must have been formed from vanadyl porphyrins. Similar conversion of vanadyl porphyrins are observed under the same experimental conditions for the asphaltenes extracted from the La Luna and Serpiano rocks, and the floating asphalt from the Dead Sea (Israel). A comparison of the spin-Hamiltonian parameters for vanadyl porphyrins and vanadyl compounds obtained during pyrolysis of the kerogens/asphaltenes suggests t...hat these are of non-porphyrin type. For comparison, a study was conducted on the Western Kentucky No. 9 coal enriched with vanadium (up to 800 ppm) from six mines. All coal samples show only the presence of predominant vanadyl-non-porphyrin compounds similar to those generated through laboratory heating of the kerogens/asphaltenes in air. In addition, some samples also contain a minor amount of vanadyl porphyrins. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Кључне речи:vanadyl porphyrins / kerogen / electron spin resonance
Извор:Fuel, 2001, 80, 5, 635-639
ISSN: 0016-2361 (print)