Estradiol in vitro modulates Na+-dependent Ca2+ uptake by synaptic plasma membrane vesicles of rat brain regions
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Membrane vesicles loaded with [Na+], prepared from synaptosomal plasma membranes (SPM) of whole brains (WE), hippocampi (Hip) and caudate nuclei (NC) of female rats, were used to study Na+-dependent Ca2+ transport across SPM vesicles under the influence of 17 beta-estradiol (E-2) in vitro. In concentrations near to physiologic, E-2 significantly increased Ca-45(2+) uptake by SPM vesicles from all the brain tissues investigated. The maximum increase was observed for WE (21%) and Hip (33%) at 10(-9) mol/l, and for NC (31%) at 5 x 10(-9) mol/l of E-2. These results (a) confirm our earlier finding that E, in vitro modulates Na+-dependent Ca2+ transport across synaptosomal membrane in rat brain regions, and (b) suggest Na+/Ca2+ exchange as principal mechanism of the E-2-stimulated Na+-dependent Ca2+ uptake by membrane vesicles. The involvement of any ATPases as possible mediators is discussed. (C) 1997, Editrice Kurtis.