Origin of Hyperbolicity in Brain-to-Brain Coordination Networks
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Hyperbolicity or negative curvature of complex networks is the intrinsic geometric proximity of nodes in the graph metric space, which implies an improved network function. Here, we investigate hidden combinatorial geometries in brain-to-brain coordination networks arising through social communications. The networks originate from correlations among EEG signals previously recorded during spoken communications comprising of 14 individuals with 24 speaker-listener pairs. We find that the corresponding networks are delta-hyperbolic with delta(max) = 1 and the graph diameter D = 3 in each brain. While the emergent hyperbolicity in the two-brain networks varies satisfying delta(max)/D/2 LT = 1 and can be attributed to the topology of the subgraph formed around the cross-brains linking channels. We identify these subgraphs in each studied two-brain network and decompose their structure into simple geometric descriptors ( triangles, tetrahedra and cliques of higher orders) that contribute to ...hyperbolicity. Considering topologies that exceed two separate brain networks as a measure of coordination synergy between the brains, we identify different neural correlation patterns ranging from weak coordination to super-brain structure. These topology features are in qualitative agreement with the listeners self-reported ratings of own experience and quality of the speaker, suggesting that studies of the cross-brain connector networks can reveal new insight into the neural mechanisms underlying human social behavior.
Keywords:brain-to-brain coordination networks / hyperbolicity of graphs / algebraic topology / social brain / multibrain networks
Source:Frontiers in Physics, 2018, 6
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- Slovenian Research Agency [P1-0044]
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