Effect of Age and Allele Variants of CYP3A5, CYP3A4, and POR Genes on the Pharmacokinetics of Cyclosporin A in Pediatric Renal Transplant Recipients From Serbia
Bundalo, Maja M.
Kostić, Mirjana M.
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Background: The interindividual variability of cyclosporin A (CsA) pharmacokinetics might be explained by heterogeneity in the cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) subfamily. Altered CYP3A enzyme activity was associated with variant allele of P450 oxidoreductase gene (POR*28). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of age, CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*22, and POR*28 alleles on CsA pharmacokinetics in pediatric renal transplant recipients. Methods: Renal transplant patients receiving CsA (n = 47) were genotyped for CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*22, and POR*28. Results: CYP3A5 nonexpressers had higher overall dose-adjusted predose concentration (C0/dose; ng/mL per mg/kg) compared with expressers (31.48 +/- 12.75 versus 22.44 +/- 7.12, P = 0.01). CY-P3A5 nonexpressers carrying POR*28 allele had a lower overall dose-adjusted concentration (C2/dose) than those with POR*1/*1 genotype (165.54 +/- 70.40 versus 210.55 +/- 79.98, P = 0.02), with age as covariate. Children aged 6 years and younger had a lower overall C0/do...se (18.82 +/- 4.72 versus 34.19 +/- 11.89, P = 0.001) and C2/dose (106.75 +/- 26.99 versus 209.20 +/- 71.57, P LT 0.001) compared with older children. Carriers of CYP3A5*3 allele aged LT = 6 years required higher dose of CsA and achieved lower C0/dose and C2/dose, at most time points, than older carriers of this allele. Carriers of POR*28 allele aged # 6 years required higher doses of CsA, whereas they achieved lower C0/dose and C2/dose, at most time points, in comparison to older carriers of this allele. The significant effect of age (P LT 0.002) and CYP3A5 variation (P, 0.02) was shown for overall C0/dose, whereas age (P LT 0.00001) and POR variation (P = 0.05) showed significant effect on C2/dose. Regression summary for overall C2/dose in patients aged 6 years younger showed a significant effect of both CYP3A5 and POR variations (P LT 0.016). Conclusions: Younger age, POR*28 allele, and CYP3A5*3 allele were associated with higher CsA dosing requirements and lower concentration/dose ratio. Pretransplant screening of relevant polymorphisms in accordance with age should be considered to adjust therapy.