Denitrification techniques for biomass combustion
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In order to achieve the main Applicable combustion control systems in grate-fired bogoals of sustainable development through the harmonization of rising energy needs with environmental protection, modern society promotes the use of biomass as a renewable energy source. Biomass, like any taother fuel, emits certain pollutants from combustion, nitrogen oxides (NOx) being one of them. Control of NOx emission, originated in biomass combustion, is becoming a very significant technical challenge due to the imposition of increasingly strict emission limits. The experimental research and industrial experiences (that are not always easily available) were analyzed in order to make an overview of proven and prospective technical solutions, as well as directions for practical applications for reducing NOx emissions originating from biomass combustion. The denitrification techniques according to the broadest classification (pre-combustion, combustion control and post-combustion) have been analyzed.... As the NOx emission is more strongly influenced by the nitrogen content of biomass fuels (especially of those with significant nitrogen content) rather than the operating conditions, the emphasis is placed on the post-combustion (secondary denitrification) measures and the most successful among them - selective catalytic (SCR) and non-catalytic reduction (SNCR). The SCR catalysts, as well as commonly used amine-based reagents (in both SCR and SNCR), are analyzed in accordance with various parameters (activity temperature domain, the location of installation and structural configuration). The special challenges for SCR and SNCR application were considered, and a comparative overview of advantages and disadvantages are given, in accordance with several different criteria. In addition, the applicability of deNOx techniques from the aspect of individual biomass combustion technology is given. Guidelines for the selection of denitrification measures are created, depending on the biomass combusted, combustion technology used, and the installation capacity.
Keywords:Biomass combustion / NOx emission / DeNO(x) techniques
Source:Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2018, 82, 3350-3364
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