Multilayer aluminum composites prepared by rolling of pure and anodized aluminum foils
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Experimental results on processing, structural and mechanical characterization of a multilayer composite based on commercially pure aluminum foils were presented. A multilayer composite was produced by hot-rolling of anodized and non-anodized aluminum foils alternately sandwiched. In addition, the same process was applied for bonding of non-anodized foils. In both cases, obtained multilayer composites were compact and sound. In order to study composites microstructural evolution and mechanical properties, optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, hardness, tensile and three-point flexural tests were performed. Microstructural characterization confirmed that the rod-like particles distributed in parallel rows in the composite aluminum matrix with anodized foils correspond to Al2O3. Maximum and minimum peaks of oxygen and aluminum, respectively, suggest that after the final hot-rolling of composite with non-ano...dized foils, a small amount of coarser particles were formed at boundaries between foils. Hardness, strength, modulus of elasticity and flexural strength of both multilayer composites were much higher than those of pure aluminum, whereas ductility was significantly less. The composite with anodized foils exhibited the highest strength and modulus of elasticity, but lower ductility compared to composite processed from non-anodized foils. Fracture failure corresponded to the change of ductility.