Surface-modified TiO2 powders with phenol derivatives: A comparative DFT and experimental study
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Kovač, Tijana S.
Džunuzović, Enis S.
Đorđević, Vesna R.
Grgur, Branimir N.
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The charge transfer complex formation between TiO2 powder and variety of phenol derivatives (phenol, 4-nitrophenol, 4-bromophenol, 4-tert-butylphenol, hydroquinone) was achieved. The red-shift of optical absorption was observed upon surface modification of TiO2 powders with phenol derivatives. The influence of substituent functional groups in para position on the optical band gap and conduction band edge of inorganic/organic hybrids was studied using reflection spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The experimental findings were supported by density functional theory calculations. The measured reflection spectra of surface-modified TiO2 powders with phenol derivatives were compared with calculated electronic excitation spectra of corresponding model systems. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.