Study of Multipactor Effect with Applications to Superconductive Radiofrequency Cavities
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In this paper a one-dimensional Particle-in-Cell/Monte Carlo collision code has been used in order to study characteristics of multipactors. For multipactor to occur each electron striking the surface must generate more than one secondary on average. The ratio of primary to secondary electrons is given by the secondary emission yield. For this study, calculations were carried out by using Sternglass model that includes energy dependence of the secondary emission yield. The obtained simulation results for the pressure dependence of the breakdown time follow the scaling law. Number of electrons increases in time, while their mean energy decreases. Since secondary electron emission at the cavity surface plays an important role, simulation results, presented here, can help cavity designers predict multipacting issues before fabrication.