Thrombin stimulates VSMC proliferation through an EGFR-dependent pathway: involvement of MMP-2
Obradović, Milan M.
Đorđević, Jelena D.
Isenović, Esma R.
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In this study, the role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), general metalloproteinases, matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) in mediating the mitogenic action of thrombin in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) was investigated. The incubation of rat VSMC with thrombin (1 U/ml) for 5 min resulted in significant (p LT 0.001) increase of ERK1/2 phosphorylation by 8.7 +/- A 0.9-fold, EGFR phosphorylation by 8.5 +/- A 1.3-fold (p LT 0.001) and DNA synthesis by 3.6 +/- A 0.4-fold (p LT 0.001). Separate 30-min pretreatments with EGFR tyrosine kinase irreversible inhibitor, 10 A mu M PD169540 (PD), and 20 A mu M anti-HB-EGF antibody significantly reduced thrombin-stimulated EGFR and ERK1/2 phosphorylation by 81, 72 % and by 48 and 61 %, respectively. Furthermore, the same pretreatments with PD or anti-HB-EGF antibody reduced thrombin-induced VSMC proliferation by 44 and 45 %, respectivel...y. In addition, 30-min pretreatments with 10 A mu M specific MMP-2 inhibitor significantly reduced thrombin-stimulated phosphorylation of both EGFR and ERK1/2 by 25 %. Moreover, the same pretreatment with MMP-2 inhibitor reduced thrombin-induced VSMC proliferation by 45 %. These results show that the thrombin-induced DNA synthesis correlates with the level of ERK1/2 activation rather than EGFR activation. These results further suggest that thrombin acts through EGFR and ERK 1/2 signaling pathways involving MMP-2 to upregulate proliferation of VSMC.
Keywords:Thrombin signaling cascade / Pathological VSMC proliferation / MMP-2 / EGFR transactivation / Atherosclerosis / Matrix metalloproteinase / Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor like
Source:Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 2014, 396, 1-2, 147-160
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