Experimental and Numerical Study on Combustion of Baled Biomass in Cigar Burners and Effects of Flue Gas Re-Circulation
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The paper presents results of experimental and numerical investigation addressing combustion of baled agricultural biomass in a 50 kW experimental furnace equipped with cigar burners. Experiments performed included measurements of all parameters deemed important for mass and energy balance, as well as parameters defining quality of the combustion process. Experimental results were compared with results of numerical simulations performed with previously developed CFD model. The model takes into account complex thermo mechanical combustion processes occurring in a porous layer of biomass bales and the surrounding fluid. The combustion process and the corresponding model were deemed stationary. Comparison of experimental and numerical results obtained through research presented in this paper showed satisfactory correspondence, leading to the conclusion that the model developed could be used for analysis of different effects associated with variations in process parameters and/or structura...l modifications in industrial biomass facilities. Mathematical model developed was also utilized to examine the impact of gas re-circulation on maximum temperatures in the combustion chamber. Gas re-circulation was found to have positive effect on the reduction of maximum temperature in the combustion chamber, as well as on the reduction of maximum temperature zone in the chamber. The conclusions made provided valuable inputs towards prevention of biomass ash sintering, which occurs at higher temperatures and negatively affects biomass combustion process.
Keywords:biomass / combustion / experimental and numerical investigation / re-circulation
Source:Thermal Science, 2016, 20, S151-S165
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